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Splenic imaging with ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide ferumoxtran-10 (AMI-7227): preliminary observations

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

J Comput Assist Tomogr, Volume 25, Number 5, p.770-6 (2001)

Accession Number:

11584239

Keywords:

Adult, Aged, Contrast Media/administration & dosage/*pharmacokinetics, Female, Human, Iron/administration & dosage/*pharmacokinetics, Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods, Male, Middle Age, Oxides/administration & dosage/*pharmacokinetics, Sensitivity and Specificity, Spleen/*pathology, Splenic Diseases/*pathology, Tissue Distribution

Abstract:

PURPOSE: Ferumoxtran-10 (ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide; Combidex, AMI-7227) is a long-circulating MR contrast agent with reticuloendothelial uptake known to enhance tissue T1 and T2 relaxation rates. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of ferumoxtran-10-enhanced MRI in evaluating focal splenic lesions. METHOD: Eighteen patients underwent MR evaluation of the spleen. Two of these patients with exophytic normal splenic tissue (splenules) and 13 of these patients with 24 focal splenic lesions (7 cysts, 2 hemangiomas, 7 metastases, 1 infarct, 7 lymphoma) were assessed by T1-weighted gradient echo and T2-weighted fast SE MRI following intravenous administration of ferumoxtran-10 (1.1 mg of Fe/kg). Qualitative analysis involving improved lesion detection and/or characterization, additional information from postcontrast images affecting staging, and patient management was performed. Quantitative measurements of lesion-to-spleen contrast-to-noise ratio were also performed. RESULTS: Additional information was provided by ferumoxtran-10-enhanced images in 15 of 18 patients. In 8 of 15 (53%) patients, improved lesion detection (i.e., number of lesions) was obtained on contrast-enhanced images. Improved lesion visualization (i.e., conspicuity) was noted in 11 of 15 (73%) of patients. In 10 of 15 (67%) patients, postcontrast imaging provided additional information leading to lesion characterization. Staging of disease and patient management were affected in 5 of 15 (33%) and 6 of 15 (40%) patients, respectively. CONCLUSION: Ferumoxtran-10 is a promising contrast agent for the evaluation of focal splenic lesions.