Publication Type:Journal Article
Source:Invest Radiol, Volume 35, Number 7, p.412-9 (2000)
Keywords:*Contrast Media/adverse effects, Adult, Aged, Brain/pathology, Central Nervous System Diseases/*pathology, Double-Blind Method, Female, Gadolinium DTPA/adverse effects/*diagnostic use, Gadolinium/diagnostic use, Human, Male, Middle Age, Organometallic Compounds/adverse effects/*diagnostic use, Spinal Cord/pathology
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The objective of the two pivotal phase 3 studies was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of OptiMARK (Gd-DTPA-bis(methoxyethylamide) [Gd-DTPA-BMEA]) compared with Magnevist (Gd-DTPA) in magnetic resonance imaging of the central nervous system. METHODS: Two multicenter, randomized, double-blind, parallel group studies were conducted in 395 patients with known or suspected central nervous system pathology. Subjects were randomized to receive a single 0.1 mmol/kg intravenous injection of either Gd-DTPA-BMEA or Gd-DTPA. The safety of Gd-DTPA-BMEA and Gd-DTPA was monitored for up to 72 hours after study drug administration. Precontrast and postcontrast administration magnetic resonance scans were acquired using identical imaging planes and techniques. RESULTS: No deaths or unexpected adverse events were reported in either group. A comparison of adverse events by intensity and relation demonstrated no statistically significant differences between the two groups. Gd-DTPA-BMEA and Gd-DTPA were equivalent with respect to confidence in diagnosis, conspicuity, and border delineation. CONCLUSIONS: Gd-DTPA-BMEA and Gd-DTPA demonstrated comparable efficacy profiles, and the safety profiles were considered similar.