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Differentiation of liver hemangiomas from metastases and hepatocellular carcinoma at MR imaging enhanced with blood-pool contrast agent Code-7227

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Radiology, Volume 202, Number 3, p.687-91 (1997)

Accession Number:

9051017

Keywords:

*Contrast Media, *Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Adult, Aged, Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/*diagnosis, Diagnosis, Differential, Female, Hemangioma/*diagnosis, Human, Iron/*diagnostic use, Liver Neoplasms/*diagnosis/secondary, Male, Middle Age, Oxides/*diagnostic use

Abstract:

PURPOSE: To evaluate differentiation of liver lesions at magnetic resonance (MR) imaging enhanced with Code-7227. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-five patients with 38 proved liver lesions (15 hemangiomas, 17 metastases, six hepatocellular carcinomas [HCCs]) underwent T1-weighted gradient-echo and T2-weighted fast-spin-echo MR imaging at 1.5 T before and after intravenous administration of Code-7227 (1.1 mg iron per kilogram of body weight). RESULTS: In hemangiomas, the mean contrast-to-noise ratio on precontrast and postcontrast images, respectively, increased from -4.51 +/- 4.7 (standard deviation) to 5.19 +/- 6.3 on T1-weighted images and decreased from 14.73 +/- 7.4 to 0.64 +/- 5.1 on T2-weighted images. In comparison, metastases remained hypointense to liver on T1-weighted images (from -5.77 +/- 5.9 to -7.8 +/- 6.8) and hyperintense on T2-weighted images (from 8.73 +/- 5.4 to 12.61 +/- 6.1). Although HCC enhanced more than metastases, they also remained hypointense to liver on T1-weighted images (from -4.87 +/- 6.1 to -1.79 +/- 5.7) and hyperintense on T2-weighted images (from 10.12 +/- 7.9 to 8.7 +/- 6.4). The degree of enhancement on T1-weighted images and of signal intensity drop on T2-weighted images were significantly lower in malignant liver masses than in hemangiomas (P < .001). CONCLUSION: Distinctly different enhancement patterns with Code-7227 helped accurate differentiation of liver lesions.