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Intraluminal contrast enhancement and MR visualization of the bowel wall: efficacy of PFOB

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

J Magn Reson Imaging, Volume 1, Number 3, p.371-80 (1991)

Accession Number:

1802151

Keywords:

*Contrast Media/administration & dosage, Administration, Oral, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Female, Fluorocarbons/administration & dosage/*diagnostic use, Gastrointestinal System/*anatomy & histology, Human, Male, Middle Age, Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Abstract:

Efforts to develop satisfactory intraluminal gastrointestinal contrast agents for magnetic resonance (MR) imaging have focused on depicting only the bowel lumen to exclude possible involvement by a pathologic process. To determine whether the bowel wall can be adequately imaged with use of the contrast agent and whether bowel wall visualization is a better index of the utility of the contrast agent for MR imaging, perfluoroocytlbromide (PFOB) was studied in human subjects. Twenty consecutive patients referred for abdominal or pelvic MR imaging were selected. All patients were given 400-1,000 mL of PFOB orally. MR imaging was performed at 0.38 and 1.5 T with T1- and T2-weighted spin-echo pulse sequences before and after administration of PFOB. The images were graded independently by three blinded readers. All readers reported significantly superior conspicuity of the bowel lumen and wall after PFOB than before PFOB administration (P less than .002). Among the post-PFOB studies, those with superior bowel wall visualization demonstrated superior overall image quality. In three patients, lesions were optimally demonstrated because the relationship of the process to the bowel wall, rather than just to the lumen, was identified. In two patients, masses arising within the bowel wall could be identified prospectively only when the bowel wall was adequately imaged. The authors conclude that while lumen identification is improved with PFOB, its greatest clinical utility may be in facilitating intestinal wall visualization.